Plastic surgery is a medical specialty that involves restoring, reconstructing, or altering the human body. Plastic surgery aims to improve a person's appearance or restore function to a body part that has been affected by injury or disease. Plastic surgery can be both cosmetic and reconstructive. Cosmetic plastic surgery is typically performed to enhance a person's physical appearance. In contrast, reconstructive plastic surgery is done to correct abnormalities or deformities caused by congenital defects, trauma, infection, tumors, or disease.
The Department of Plastic, Hand, and Reconstructive Surgery & Regenerative Medicine Surgery has a strong profile of its own but is also heavily involved in multidisciplinary patient care (breast, obesity, tumor, trauma, congenital malformations and pediatric medicine, chronic wounds, geriatric medicine, …..)
Bariatric plastic surgery, also known as post-bariatric surgery, addresses the functional and cosmetic concerns of patients who have undergone significant weight loss through bariatric surgery. Standard procedures include body lifts (upper and lower), tummy tucks, arm lifts, thigh lifts, breast lifts, and face and neck lifts. Bariatric plastic surgery can help patients achieve a more proportional, balanced physique and improve their quality of life after weight loss by removing excess skin and reshaping the body.
The shape of the breasts is crucial for both men and women. Plastic Surgery is a member of the breast cancer Care group.
For females, plastic surgery offers solutions for everyday problems affecting the aesthetic image of the female breast, including congenital malformations, breast size (Hyperplasia, Hypoplasia, Anisomastia), sagging (Ptosis), and breast cancer. Procedures like breast enlargement, reduction, augmentation, shaping, and reconstruction using autologous tissue or silicone implants can help improve appearance and psychological well-being.
Men may experience aesthetic issues related to the appearance of their breasts. Congenital malformations, resection of the gland/breast, nipple piercing deformities, enlargement of breasts, and sagging breasts after weight loss are common conditions affecting the male breast. Liposuction, breast gland resection, breast reduction, and chest lift are some of the procedures that can help improve the appearance of the male breast. Men can also be affected by breast cancer, though it is relatively rare and often diagnosed at a later stage than in women due to a lack of early detection programs.
Aesthetic or cosmetic surgery aims to enhance one's appearance and ultimately improve their well-being. These treatments and procedures can be performed on any part of the body. This encompasses several processes. Liposuction is a technique to remove fat cells permanently from under the skin, resulting in a change in shape if the skin is sufficiently elastic. Lipofilling, on the other hand, involves using the body's fat for tissue injection, and the chances of success for the growth of transplanted fat cells are high. Lastly, cosmetic surgery can also be performed on the head and neck, upper limb, trunk, and lower limb, with face and neck lifts, rhinoplasty, tummy tucks, and thigh lifts.
The plastic surgery department works in close coordination with the Dermasurge department.
Plastic surgeons aim for the best aesthetic outcome possible in addition to restoring function, even in the reconstruction of disfiguring tumors or significant life-threatening defects, as they believe that "form is function."
Reconstructive surgery involves restoring body shape and function and addressing defects resulting from congenital malformations, accidents, inflammation, tumors, or chronic diseases. Microsurgery, using a microscope to operate on tissue, is an essential technique in reconstructive and hand surgery, allowing surgeons to work on vessels and nerves as small as 1-2mm in diameter. Other courses in plastic surgery include perforator flaps, microvascular tissue transfer, peripheral nerve surgery, and lymphatic microsurgery.
Regenerative Medicine is a new subspecialty focused on tissue regeneration and anti-aging, including stem cell therapy.
Burns can cause severe and unbearable injuries, mainly when they affect the face or areas of the body that undergo mechanical stress, like the hands and feet. Plastic Surgery offers various cosmetic and surgical treatment options for burns to achieve optimal functional, and results. Local burns are treated with intensified wound therapy and the latest surgical and skin grafting techniques. Modern wound dressings, hydro surgery, and enzymatic debridement are also used. Burn scars can cause significant problems, even after they have healed, such as retracted areas, differences in level, and limitations in movement and function. The department offers a range of plastic surgery options, including scar corrections, local flaps, skin grafts, tissue expanders, complex microsurgical tissue transfers, and autologous fat transplantation.