Endocrine surgery is a surgical sub-speciality, which focuses on the surgery of the endocrine glands, like thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, glands of the endocrine pancreas, and certain neuroendocrine glands.

Which Conditions are Treated with Endocrine Surgery?

Below are some of the conditions treated by endocrine surgery:

  • Adrenal cancer
  • Graves’ disease
  • Aldosteronoma
  • Benign adrenal tumors
  • Goiter & Multinodular goiter
  • Cushing syndrome
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  • Insulinoma
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN 1)
  • Obesity
  • Parathyroid cancer
  • Parathyroid disease
  • Pediatric adrenal disorder
  • Pediatric endocrine disorder
  • Pediatric parathyroid disorder
  • Primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Primary aldosteronism
  • Thyroid cancer, cyst, disease, nodules
  • Type 2 diabetes

Which are the Types of Endocrine Surgeries?

The type of endocrine surgery performed on a person usually is dependent on the health condition and the part of the endocrine system that is affected. Endocrine surgeons are experienced in usual and also rare surgeries of the endocrine. Some of them are mentioned as follows:


Where removal of the entire adrenal gland is done

Total Pancreatectomy

This procedure removes the entire pancreas, as well as the gallbladder, part of the stomach and small intestine, and the spleen


Refers to the removal of the entire thyroid gland

Thyroid Lobectomy

Means the removal of one lobe of the thyroid gland


It is the removal of the entire parathyroid gland

Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy (MIP) with Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Monitoring

This procedure removes a parathyroid gland (parathyroidectomy) with the new technology, which is quicker, less invasive and as effective as the standard surgery technique. The advantage is that most patients can be discharged from the hospital on the same day

Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery has become the latest norm. Endocrine surgeries can also be performed with ease by using this method

What are the risks involved?

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks associated with endocrine surgeries. Some risks include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Heart/lung problems related to anesthesia
  • Changes in blood pressure
  • Voice change
  • Nerve injury
  • Breathing difficulty

For any details regarding your procedure, you should speak with your surgeon or your hospital directly.


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